Microchromatic
ʻO ke kelepona mele

Microchromatic

He aha nā hiʻohiʻona hoihoi i loaʻa i ka mele mai Helene kahiko, akā ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia e nā mea a pau?

Microchromatic  he ʻano kūikawā o ka ʻōnaehana waena o ke mele. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia a wehewehe ʻia e ka mea hoʻokani mele kaulana ʻo Rūsia a me ka mea loea mele koʻikoʻi ʻo Yuri Kholopov. ʻO ka manaʻo koʻikoʻi o ka microchromatics ka microinterval, ʻo ia hoʻi, ka wā, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka semitone. No laila, aia nā microintervals quarter-tone, tretetone, ʻeono-tone, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe. I kēia manawa wale nō, ʻaʻole hiki i ka pepeiao i hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻole ke hoʻokaʻawale iā lākou, no laila ʻike ʻo ia iā lākou he hoʻololi wahaheʻe a inharmonious paha i ke ʻano o ke ʻano.

Microinterval: kahi pae paʻakikī o ka unahi

ʻO ka mea hoihoi, hiki ke ana pololei ʻia nā microintervals a hiki ke hōʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he helu. A inā mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ke kiʻekiʻe o ka microchromatics, a laila ʻo kāna mau mea, e like me ka diatonic a me ka chromatic intervals, e lilo i kumuhana piha o ka lokahi.

Akā naʻe, ʻaʻole i haku ʻia kahi ʻōnaehana notation maʻamau no nā microintervals a hiki i kēia lā. I ka manawa like, ua hoʻāʻo ka poʻe haku mele hoʻokahi e hoʻopaʻa i nā mele i haku ʻia me ka microchromatic ma kahi ʻelima laina. He mea pono ke wehewehe ʻia nā micro-intervals ʻaʻole ma ke ʻano he mau ʻanuʻu kūʻokoʻa, akā ma ke ʻano he hoʻololi microtonal, hiki ke wehewehe ʻia ʻo ka hoʻonui ʻana a i ʻole ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa palahalaha.

A wahi o ka moolelo

Ua ʻike ʻia ua hoʻohana ʻia nā wā microchromatic i nā mele Helene kahiko. Eia naʻe, i loko o nā mele mele a Ptolemy lāua ʻo Nicomachus i ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka lā nui o ke aupuni Roma, ua hana ʻia kā lākou wehewehe ʻana ʻaʻole no ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana, akā ma ke ʻano he hoʻomaikaʻi i ka moʻomeheu, me ka ʻole o ka hoʻohana pono ʻana. I ka Middle Ages, ua ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ka ʻōnaehana waena, ʻoiai ua wehewehe kekahi poʻe theorists i ke ʻano melodic e like me ka moʻomeheu Helene kahiko.

I ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa, hoʻomaka hou ʻia ka micro-chromatics i ka wā o ka Renaissance, ʻo ia hoʻi e nā mea mele e like me John Hotby, Marchetto o Padua a me Nicola Vicentino. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole nui ko lākou mana i ka ʻepekema mele ʻEulopa. Aia kekahi mau hoʻokolohua hoʻokahi me nā microintervals. ʻO kekahi o nā hiʻohiʻona koʻikoʻi loa ka hana a Guillaume Cotelet "Seigneur Dieu ta pitié", i kākau ʻia i ka makahiki 1558 a hōʻike i nā hiki maoli o ka microchromatics.

ʻO kahi haʻawina nui i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā microchromatics i hana ʻia e ka mea haku mele Italia ʻo Ascanio Maione, nāna, i kauoha ʻia e ka naturalist Fabio Colonna, i kākau i kekahi mau pāʻani enharmonic. ʻO kēia mau hana, i paʻi ʻia i ka makahiki 1618 ma Naples, ua manaʻo ʻia e hōʻike i ka hiki o ka Lynche sambuca keyboard instrument, a Colonna e hoʻomohala nei.

Microchromatics i ka 20th - mua o 21st kenekulia

I ke kenekulia 20, ua hoʻāla ka microchromatics i ka hoihoi o nā mea mele a me nā haku mele. Aia ma waena o lākou ʻo A. Lurie, A. Ogolevets, A. Khaba, A. Fokker, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe. Akā ʻo ka haku mele Lūkini ʻo Arseniy Avraamov, no ka manawa mua ma ka mōʻaukala, ua hoʻokō i ka hoʻohui ʻana i nā mele microchromatic a me ka uila i ka hana. Ua kapa ʻia ka manaʻo hou he ultrachromatic.

Akā ʻo kekahi o nā microchromatists ikaika loa ʻo Ivan Vyshnegradsky. Aia kāna talena i kekahi mau hana ma ke ʻano duet piano, i ka wā i kani ai kekahi mea kani i ka hapahā leo haʻahaʻa ma mua o kekahi. Ua hoʻohana ikaika ka haku mele Czech ʻo A. Haba i ke kumumanaʻo microchromatics. I ka makahiki 1931, ua hana ʻo ia i ka opera kaulana kaulana o ka honua "Mother", ʻo ia ka hapaha-leo piha.

I ka makahiki 1950, ua hana ʻo Russian engineer E. Murzin i kahi synthesizer optoelectronic ANS i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia kēlā me kēia octave i 72 (!) Equal microintervals. He ʻumi makahiki ma hope mai, ua aʻo ikaika ʻia nā mea hiki o kēia mea hana kupaianaha e A. Volokonsky, A. Schnittke, S. Gubaidulinina, E. Denisov, S. Kreichi a me nā mea ʻē aʻe. Uaʻikeʻo E. Artemyev i ka hoʻohanaʻana iā ia -ʻo ia ka mea nāna i kākau i nā leo kani o nā mele "space" no ka kiʻi kaulana kaulana o ka honua Solaris.

Hoʻohana ikaika nā mele kula hou i ka microchromatics. Akā he kakaikahi wale nō o nā mea kākau e hoʻohana i ke kumumanaʻo o nā microintervals i ka hana - ʻo M. Levinas, T. Murai, R. Mazhulis, Br. ʻO Ferneyhoy, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā ʻenehana pāʻani hou a me ka hoʻāla hou ʻana o nā kula o nā mea kani kahiko, ʻo ka nānā mau ʻana i nā microchromatics.

Results

I kēia manawa ua ʻike ʻoe e pili ana i ka microchromatics - he aha ia, i ka wā i ʻike ʻia ai a pehea i "ola" ai i ka mōʻaukala mele.

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