Preduvanie |
ʻŌlelo mele

Preduvanie |

Māhele puke wehewehe
ʻōlelo a me nā manaʻo

Preduvanie - ke ʻano o ka unuhi ʻana i nā leo o nā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe ma nā muses makani. nā mea kani me ke kōkua ʻole o ka pāʻani ʻana i nā lua, nā kiwi a i ʻole nā ​​puka makani. Ma na mea hana waha keleawe P. – osn. ke kumu o ka unuhi leo, no ka laau - hoohana ia i ka unuhi ana i na leo ma ka 2nd a me ka 3 octaves o ko lakou laula. Me P., ka mea hoʻokani pila, me ka hoʻololi ʻole i ke kūlana o nā manamana lima, e hoʻonui nui i ka ikaika o ka exhalation a me ke ʻano o nā lehelehe, ʻo ia ka hopena o ke kolamu o ka ea i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i loko o ka pahu pahu i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia i nā mea kūʻokoʻa. nā ʻāpana i ʻoi aku ke kani ma mua o ka mea nui. nā leo o ka mea kani, e pili ana i nā ʻanuʻu o ka unahi maoli: he kolamu o ka ea, i māhele ʻia i 2 hapa, hāʻawi i ka leo kūlohelohe 2nd (he octave mai ka leo nui); 3 hapakolu - 3 ke kani maoli (he octave me ka hapalima mai ka leo nui); ma ka hapaha 4 - ke kani kūlohelohe 4 (2 octaves mai ka leo nui). Hoʻohana pinepine ʻia ka māhele ʻana o ke kolamu ea i nā woodwinds, i ke keleawe me ke kōkua o P. hiki lākou i ke kani kūlohelohe 16. I ka P. ma ka clarinet, ma muli o ka peculiarities o kona manao (cylindrical channel), 'aʻole ka 2nd, akā, ka 3rd kani maoli ala mai, 'o ia hoʻi,ʻaʻole he octave, akā, he duodecime (ka mea i kapaia ka lima P.). Ma nā oboes, clarinets, bassoons, aia nā mea kūikawā. ʻO nā pahu "octave" e hoʻomaʻamaʻa iā P.

S. ʻAe. Levin  

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